Best Laser surgery Doctor In Gurgaon. Laser Surgery for larynx (Voice Box) cancer is a type of treatment that involves the use of high-intensity light to remove or destroy cancer cells. This approach offers a less invasive alternative to traditional surgery and can be particularly beneficial in early-stage laryngeal cancer or for patients where more extensive surgery could result in significant voice or swallowing complications.
The procedure typically involves the surgeon inserting a laryngoscope, a thin tube with a light and camera, through the mouth to visualize the larynx. The laser is then directed through this laryngoscope. This approach can either be transoral laser microsurgery (TLM), where the laser is used to precisely remove cancerous tissues, or photodynamic therapy (PDT), where the laser is used to activate a drug previously given to the patient that makes cancer cells more sensitive to light. Both these methods aim to preserve as much normal tissue as possible, thereby minimizing the impact on speech and swallowing functions.
The advantages of laser surgery include its minimally invasive nature and the preservation of laryngeal function. It is often performed on an outpatient basis or requires a shorter hospital stay than traditional surgery, and recovery times are generally quicker. Additionally, it may be used in cases where radiation therapy is not effective or can be used in combination with radiation or chemotherapy for more advanced cancers.
However, laser surgery is not suitable for all cases of laryngeal cancer. Its use is typically limited to early-stage cancers or superficial lesions of the larynx that haven’t spread deeply into tissues or to other parts of the body. For advanced laryngeal cancers, more extensive surgical procedures, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy may be needed.
Side effects and risks of laser surgery can include pain or discomfort, changes in voice quality, difficulty swallowing, or the risk of airway fire due to the use of laser near oxygen supply. Nonetheless, these risks must be weighed against the potential benefits of the procedure, and the decision should involve a detailed discussion between the patient and the healthcare provider.
Lastly, it’s essential to note that following laser surgery, regular follow-up visits are necessary to monitor for any signs of recurrence and manage potential complications. Patients may also benefit from rehabilitation services, including speech and swallowing therapy, to optimize post-surgery function and quality of life.